"Mining for Equity: The Gender Dimensions of the Extractive Industries" explores how men and women are differently involved in and impacted by the extractive industries (EI). It highlights the fact that, of the economic, social, and environmental impacts of EI, men typically have greater access to the benefits, while women are often more vulnerable to the risks. Men's and women's different experiences of EI significantly impact their respective abilities to participate in, and contribute to development. Better understanding of these gender dimensions could improve development outcomes in impacted communities, as well as the economic and social sustainability of EI projects. The publication outlines the business and development cases for including gender analysis into extractive industries project design.