Introduction to Health Impact Assessment [PDF]
This document is intended to provide good practice guidance for conducting a health impact assessment (HIA) to determine potential impacts on community health as a result of project development. This guidance supports IFC's Performance Standards on Social and Environmental Sustainability. However, the content does not cover occupational health aspects of work environments.
This document has three objectives: (1) To present methodological approaches to assess and address potential community health impacts that might typically be encountered in the development or review of existing or future industrial projects, (2) To assist in the development of the terms of reference (TOR) that may be needed to conduct the HIA, and (3) To help ensure inclusion of health impact aspects in the social and environmental impact assessment process.
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