GIIF is funded by the European Union, Japan and the Netherlands.
The EU is the primary donor partner to the GIIF Trust Fund with a focus on the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP). The governments of Japan and the Netherlands are providing additional support to different regions/countries where IFC operates.
Insurers: Alternative Insurance Company (AIC) Reinsurers: Swiss Re, MiCRO Delivery Channels: Fonkoze Financial Services (microfinance institution)
Natural catastrophe and weather index insurance
Floods, hurricanes, earthquakes
Total Insurance Portfolio
US$7.97 million (Fonkoze 2014)
US$8,897,427 (2012/3) [Haiti is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world with earthquakes, hurricanes and flashfloods. MiCRO and Fonkoze have redesigned the index insurance portfolio product to reduce basis risk and excessive payouts.]
Average Cost of Insurance
5.3% of value of microloan (MiCRO is covering up to 50 percent of premium cost)
Micro-loans and Payouts: While previously MiCRO/Fonkoze issued payouts to clients, under the current programs, micro-enterprises are no longer eligible for direct payouts; however, should an event trigger payout under the policy Fonkoze uses the funding from MiCRO to recapitalize borrowers that may have been adversely affected by a catastrophic event. The $8.9 million payout in 2012/13 helped thousands of women-owned micro-enterprises repair damages, replace inventory and reopen businesses.
Access to Finance: Index insurance gives Fonkoze the risk management financial protection they need to increase lending to their microenterprise clients although no hard figures are yet available on increased access to finance due to insurance.
MiCRO is a reinsurance provider based in Barbados. MiCRO currently provides natural catastrophe and weather index insurance to microfinance institutions (MFIs), which in turn insure low-income micro-enterprises.
The average Fonkoze microloan is US$200, and Fonkoze's micro-loan portfolio is $9.6 million.
The MiCRO pilot is still being tested. The key to success will be improving the rain, wind, and seismic parameters that guide the microinsurance payouts so that both end clients and MFI distributors find the products more affordable and attractive.
Due to basis risk (claims submitted by clients not matching payouts – and claims surpassing the payouts from MiCRO) - Fonkoze switched from micro-retail coverage for individual clients to portfolio coverage through the MFI. The biggest challenge now is helping Fonkoze assess its risk and determine the level of insurance coverage needed, while ensuring insurance premiums are affordable.
MiCRO works through MFI Fonkoze, and hopes to reach economies of scale through other MFI distributors. Through GIIF technical assistance, the project will expand the reach of the product offer to more low-income microfinance clients by adding at least one additional MFI to MiCRO's distribution channels by the end of the project. With GIIF grant funds, MiCRO is able to cover the costs of up to 50 percent of the premiums for three years, allowing MiCRO time to bring its index product up to a sustainable market level.
Approximately 70,000 micro-enterprises are expected to be insured by the end of December 2016. The total projected value of active insurance contracts is estimated to be $20.5 million by 2016.