Country Private Sector Diagnostic

Egypt Health Sector Deep Dive

November 15, 2023

Realizing the Full Potential of a Productive Private Sector

This Health Sector Deep Dive on the healthcare sector is a follow-up to the Country Private Sector Diagnostic (CPSD) on Egypt that the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) launched in 2020. This Deep Dive assesses private sector investment opportunities in Egypt’s health system and reform recommendations to unlock them. The health system has made significant strides over the last few decades but still faces challenges. An important policy response to these challenges is the Universal Health Insurance System (UHIS). The Deep Dive focuses on healthcare and pharmaceutical sub-sectors with the greatest potential to respond to key healthcare challenges in Egypt. These include health facilities (such as hospitals, primary care and specialty clinics), diagnostic imaging and pharmaceuticals (including generics, biosimilars and vaccines).

The private sector is expected to make an important contribution to the Universal Health Insurance System. Providers of health services, medical devices and pharmaceuticals will all have a role to play. Across the health system, the private sector has the potential to promote the efficient, effective, and equitable provision of health services to the broader population. This paper describes leading business models that can help achieve this potential, the investment case for them, and the policy reforms that will facilitate their implementation.