This study revealed that Ukraine generates over 49 million tons of unused agro-industrial waste per year. Waste-to-energy recovery of 20 million tons of waste can be economically viable and trigger over 25 percent of the total volume of annual industrial energy consumption in Ukraine. Implementation of such projects will need to attract investments of over €2 billion. Another 29 million tons of waste can be effectively treated as raw materials for waste-to-material recovery or for direct usage as fertilizer for soil improvement, food for animals, and so on. This study is useful for owners of agro-industrial complex enterprises in Ukraine, demonstrating potential use of agro-industrial waste and providing recommendations on realization along with technical and economical assessments of agro-industrial waste recovery projects.