Women contribute around 50% of GDP and comprise 39% of businesses with registered premises. Yet their businesses remain small and employ fewer workers. So what is constraining Ugandan women from contributing more to private sector-led growth in Uganda? At the request of Uganda's Minister of Finance, the Gender and Growth Assessment (GGA) for Uganda sought to answer this question. The GGA identified specific legal and administrative barriers to investment that have a gender dimension and suggested that Uganda could gain as much as 2% growth per annum by addressing gender inequalities.