Environmental, Social, and Governance

A set of environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors considered by companies when managing their operations, and investors when making investments, in respect of the risks, impacts, and opportunities relating to but not limited to:


» IFC ESG Guidebook

  • Environmental issues: potential or actual changes to the physical or natural environment (e.g. pollution, biodiversity impacts, carbon emissions, climate change, natural resource use);
  • Social issues: potential or actual changes on surrounding community and workers (e.g. health and safety, supply chain, diversity and inclusion); and
  • Governance: corporate governance structures and processes by which companies are directed and controlled (e.g. board structure and diversity, ethical conduct, risk management, disclosure and transparency), including the governance of key environmental and social policies and procedures.

IFC’s ESG Standards comprise the Performance Standards, which define clients' responsibilities for managing their environmental and social risks, and the Corporate Governance Methodology, which sets out an approach to evaluate and improve the corporate governance of clients.