The World Cocoa Foundation (WCF) aims to encourage responsible sustainable cocoa farming and raise farmers' incomes. The Foundation is made up of more than 100 member companies representing 80% of the global corporate market, as well as origin governments and civil society groups. WCF used a grant from BACP to support their work to develop a platform tracking global efforts to achieve socio-economic, enviromental, and environmental sustainability in cocoa production.
Known as CocoaMAP (Cocoa Measurement and Progress), this platform uses three "tiers" of indicators for data collection-national, regional, and farm/field level. BACP funded WFC's efforts to define and measure specific biodiversity indicators for Tier 3 of CocoaMAP.
CocoaMAP partners undertook a literature review to examine different definitions, indicators, and associated measures for biodiversity in cocoa. After drafting preliminary biodiversity indicators, they held a two-day consultative workshop to review and discuss the indicators with cocoa sector stakeholders. The indicators were also discussed at a WCF Partnership Meeting in Washington, D.C. In the end, four indicators were chosen: number of shade trees per hectare of cocoa land, percentage shade cover in cocoa fields, average number of tree species per hectare of cocoa land, and average area of cocoa farms covered in forest or native vegetation.
WCF developed a methodology for data collection known as the CocoaMAP Farm Inventory Tool Kit. The methodology, which is used to carry out the CocoaMAP Biodiversity Farm Inventory Test, includes observation and a mini-survey to collect information, and takes 15 minutes or less to perform accurately. WCV trained surveyors who field-test the methodology. After field-testing, the methodology was corrected and approved.
Finally, WCF members publiczied the biodiversity indicators through presentations, emails, conference calls, small meetings, and workshops. These communication strategies were integrated with ongoing CocoaMAP and WCF program activities for which government, industry, and civil society partners were already convening.
BACP-provided funding for the CocoaMAP project helped the World Cocoa Foundation shine a spotlight on the importance of valuing and measuring biodiversity, and will help partners measure their future progress in this area.