On the Road to Greater Mobility: Understanding the demand for gender-segregated transportation in urban Afghanistan

Despite comprising nearly half of Afghanistan’s population, women’s representation in the country’s formal employment is only 21.8 percent – one of the lowest rates of female labor force participation globally. Women’s mobility faces several unique challenges, which are especially exacerbated in the context of developing countries. Limited access to transportation services and lack of safety reduces the probability of women’s participation in the labor force market in developing countries by as much as 16.5 percent.

IFC’s latest research study sheds light on the demand patterns of female commuters in Afghanistan to highlight inclusive solutions for increasing women’s mobility. This study covers first of its kind unique and rich data set of over 2,000 Afghan women on their mobility and demand patterns in four of the largest cities in the country: Herat, Mazar-i-Sharif, Jalalabad, and Kabul. This publication identifies key recommendations for the public sector, private sector, and civil society stakeholders for implementing gender-inclusive transportation solutions in the country.

 This research has been made possible thanks to support from the World Bank’s Umbrella Facility for Gender Equality (UFGE).

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