Women are crucial stakeholders in agribusiness value chains around the world. Comprising 40 percent of the global agricultural workforce—and as much as 50 percent in many regions—women are essential to planting, cultivating, and harvesting, as well as processing, logistics, and sales.
Despite their contributions, women face unique challenges that hamper their productivity and growth, in turn weakening rural economies, the businesses that depend on them, and the global food chain. Some of these challenges include:
Limited or no access to farmland.
Fewer opportunities for education and access to agricultural training and extension services relative to men.
Limited access and know-how regarding agricultural inputs and mechanical equipment.
Limited to no access to credit and other financial services.
Significantly lower wages for the same work as men.
Greater workloads that include the household responsibilities of cleaning, cooking, and caring for children, elders, and the home.
Giving women the appropriate knowledge and access to farming resources has the potential to generate business benefits throughout the value chain.
Addressing the Gender Gap
IFC's Women in Agribusiness Value Chains program works to help clients around the world close gender gaps and reap the benefits of gender inclusion in their value chain.
In just one example, increasing women farmers’ access to training and credit can enable them to buy and use agricultural inputs, dramatically increasing their productivity and yields. For businesses, this leads to a strengthened supply of produce.
The IFC Women in Agribusiness Value Chain program assesses client value chains using a suite of qualitative and quantitative tools. We use those tools to explore gender gaps and performance constraints within the agribusiness value chain.
Using our five modules, we help clients map the ecosystem within which value chain actors live & work, and understand the socio-economic conditions underlying existing gender dynamics.
This analysis is used to design and implement comprehensive, gender-smart solutions that help clients reap the business benefits of eliminating gender gaps and empowering women in their value chains.
Division of Labor
The roles of women and men farmers in crop production value chains and domestic activities.
Ownership, Access, and Control of Resources
The dynamics of access to and control over resources used in the value chains and in households.
24 Hour Time Study
The amount of time women and men spend on farming and domestic activities respectively.
Perception of Usefulness of VC Actors
How women and men perceive the usefulness (in terms of accessibility and benefits) of value chain actors who provide products and services to them.
Gender Membership and Leadership in Organizations
The level of membership and participation of women and men in farmer organizations.