Land Planning and HCVs
In order to prevent the expansion of commodity agriculture into existing natural habitat and to ensure that areas of high biodiversity are preserved, the management of areas with high conservation values is essential.
The BACP portfolio was concentrated in areas of high biodiversity; the tropical forests of Indonesia, Parà and Matto Grosso provinces of Brazil, and the lowland Guinean forest. At project inception, many of these areas had not had landscape-scale HCV assessments. Grantees contributed to land planning by developing methodologies and tools to collect detailed data on biodiversity and many other indicators. They also developed sophisticated maps that could display this data, including how it changed over time.
These tools are already helping stakeholders do a better job managing HCV areas. In the palm oil sector in Indonesia, they allowed a district government to incorporate approximately 20,000 hectares of HCVF into spatial plans. They will also allow companies to plan oil palm plantations on already degraded land. In Brazil, they will allow government and NGOS alike to monitor implementation of the new forest law. Companies that incorporate these tools into their normal operations will be able to monitor their impact on biodiversity, and ensure they meet standards.