Agriculture is the largest industry and most dominant form of land management on the planet. The adoption of resource-intensive production methods and expansion onto native habitats, particularly for agricultural commodities, is exerting a substantial strain on the world’s biological diversity at all levels – ecosystems, species, and gene pools.
In recent years, agricultural landscapes have been recognized as both important providers and recipients of biodiversity and ecosystem services, vital to human wellbeing. Biological diversity underpins the supply of numerous ecosystem services and can be understood as a key indicator for both sustainable agricultural production and livelihoods. The Biodiversity and Agricultural Commodities Program (BACP) “seeks to reduce, in an innovative and large-scale manner, the threats posed by agriculture to biodiversity of global significance.”